Wahalajara demand

5 minute read

Back to our regularly scheduled programming. Articles will now be posted each Wednesday, as it makes for a better work schedule.

In this post we cover the demand for the Wahalajara system so it becomes easier to track the incremental demand.

It is going to be slightly dense but I’ve tried to make it nicely structured so it should be easy to follow.

The vast majority of demand comes from electricity generation, this can also be seen on Fermaca’s EBB and which is where the below mentioned demand points can be found.

I’ll attach the image of the Wahalajara system from the previous article to make it easier to follow.

  1. Road Runner
  2. Tarahumara
  3. El Encino - La Laguna
  4. La Laguna - Aguascalientes
  5. Villa De Reyes - Aguascalientes - Guadalajara

Wahalajara System


The powerplants will either be labeled “Combined Cycle” (CC) or “Combustion Turbine” (CT).

The basic assumption one can make is thus:

  • CC = Base load
  • CT = Peak load

Based on this paper I’ll make the assumption that the average capacity factors are:

  • CC = 80%
  • CT = 30%


Demand Point Type MW MMCFD Online
Norte II CC 430 62 Yes
Chihuahua II (El Encino) CC 619 90 Yes

El Encino - La Laguna

Some quick things to note, Lerdo and Norte IV are both part of the same powerplant and interconnection. Also part of the same power plant and interconnection are Norte V and Francisco Villa.

These being interconnections named EMRyC Lerdo and EMRyC Delicias respectively.

Demand Point Type MW MMCFD Online
Francisco Villa CT 150 11 Yes
Norte V CT 150 11 Yes
Lerdo CT 320 23 Yes
Norte IV CC 911 131 2023
Leon Guzman (Gomez Palacio) CC 240 35 Yes

As you can see the construction of the combined cycle part (Norte IV) of the Lerdo power plant is not expected to come online so I will not include this in the below conclusion.

La Laguna - Aguascalientes

CFE owns 1189 MMCFD firm capacity on this pipeline out of the 1319 capacity.

The contract mentions this will supply two CFE power plants named “Aguascalientes I” and “Aguascalientes II”.

However, after a lot of research I have yet to find evidence of these power plants in any shape or form outside of the contract. This leads me to believe that the majority of the gas will flow further downstream.

This is evidenced by the fact that according to the company in charge of construction on this section of the pipeline system, the pipeline will have a 910 MMFCD interconnection to the downstream pipeline of Villa De Reyes - Aguascalientes - Guadalajara pipeline.

Thus, it could be argued, the max amount of demand on this section will be 409 MMCFD, but given that no generation has been built yet it seems very unlikely that this will be the demand on this section.

The only powerplant currently along this section is Norte Durango (Fenosa Durango), a 555 MW combined cycle power plant. This equates to a gas demand of roughly 80 MMCFD. However, it is most likely supplied by the existing Sistrangas network.

Villa De Reyes - Aguascalientes - Guadalajara (VAG)

The majority of the demand on this section will come from the 875 MW Tierra Mojada plant in Guadalajara. This equates a demand of 126 MMCFD.

Furthermore, once the reversal of the TC Energy pipeline at Zapotlanejo takes place. We should see the supply switch from the current LNG regasification plant at Manzanillo to being supplied from VAG.

Manzanillo equates to roughly 300-400 MMCFD but could be as high as 800 MMCFD if weather permits. You can see more evidence of sendouts from Manzanillo in my previous article.

In Conclusion

To sum it all up I’ll put the incremental demand in a table below:

Pipeline Section Incremental Demand (MMCFD) Online
Tarahumara 152 Yes
El Encino - La Laguna 80 Yes
La Laguna - Aguascalientes 0 Yes
VAG 525 No

Below you’ll see an the current flows (in MMBTU) that make it on to Tarahumara. With this, we can see if we’re close to matching the incremental demand.

Tarahumara January Flows

The average flow has been around 180 MMCFD with the high being 210 MMCFD.

As we can see this is pretty close to the max incremental demand on Tarahumara and El Encino - La Laguna. That number is 232 MMCFD.

Fermaca has also yet to report any flows on La Laguna - Aguascalientes, and thus I conclude there is little to no demand on this section of the pipeline system. This matches my conclusion in the previous article:

In conclusion the opening of La Laguna - Aguascalientes will have little to no impact on current demand, as there really isn’t any generation in Aguascalientes.

This article thus further underscores that point.

It is not until we see the VAG pipeline of the Wahalajara system open that we will see a big change in flows on Road Runner across the border to Tarahumara.




Any questions regarding this article can be sent to:

[email protected]

If you have any suggestions for articles feel free to email me.